env(1) — Linux manual page


ENV(1)                        User Commands                       ENV(1)

NAME         top

       env - run a program in a modified environment

SYNOPSIS         top

       env [OPTION]... [-] [NAME=VALUE]... [COMMAND [ARG]...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Set each NAME to VALUE in the environment and run COMMAND.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short
       options too.

       -i, --ignore-environment
              start with an empty environment

       -0, --null
              end each output line with NUL, not newline

       -u, --unset=NAME
              remove variable from the environment

       -C, --chdir=DIR
              change working directory to DIR

       -S, --split-string=S
              process and split S into separate arguments; used to pass
              multiple arguments on shebang lines

              block delivery of SIG signal(s) to COMMAND

              reset handling of SIG signal(s) to the default

              set handling of SIG signal(s) to do nothing

              list non default signal handling to stderr

       -v, --debug
              print verbose information for each processing step

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       A mere - implies -i.  If no COMMAND, print the resulting

       SIG may be a signal name like 'PIPE', or a signal number like
       '13'.  Without SIG, all known signals are included.  Multiple
       signals can be comma-separated.  An empty SIG argument is a

   Exit status:
       125    if the env command itself fails

       126    if COMMAND is found but cannot be invoked

       127    if COMMAND cannot be found

       -      the exit status of COMMAND otherwise

OPTIONS         top

   -S/--split-string usage in scripts
       The -S option allows specifying multiple parameters in a script.
       Running a script named 1.pl containing the following first line:

              #!/usr/bin/env -S perl -w -T

       Will execute perl -w -T 1.pl .

       Without the '-S' parameter the script will likely fail with:

              /usr/bin/env: 'perl -w -T': No such file or directory

       See the full documentation for more details.

   --default-signal[=SIG] usage
       This option allows setting a signal handler to its default
       action, which is not possible using the traditional shell trap
       command.  The following example ensures that seq will be
       terminated by SIGPIPE no matter how this signal is being handled
       in the process invoking the command.

              sh -c 'env --default-signal=PIPE seq inf | head -n1'

NOTES         top

       POSIX's exec(3p) pages says:
              "many existing applications wrongly assume that they start
              with certain signals set to the default action and/or
              unblocked.... Therefore, it is best not to block or ignore
              signals across execs without explicit reason to do so, and
              especially not to block signals across execs of arbitrary
              (not closely cooperating) programs."

AUTHOR         top

       Written by Richard Mlynarik, David MacKenzie, and Assaf Gordon.

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help:
       Report any translation bugs to

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:
       GNU GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute
       it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top

       sigaction(2), sigprocmask(2), signal(7)

       Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/env>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) env invocation'

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text
       manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project
       can be found at ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩.  If you
       have a bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the tarball coreutils-9.4.tar.xz fetched from
       ⟨http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/coreutils/⟩ on 2023-12-22.  If you
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       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

GNU coreutils 9.4              August 2023                        ENV(1)

Pages that refer to this page: pmpython(1)environ(7)