pmdamailq is a Performance Metrics Domain Agent (PMDA) which
extracts performance metrics describing the state of the e-mail
queues managed by sendmail(1) and other mail transfer agents.
The mailq PMDA exports metrics that measure the total number of
entries in the mail queue, and the subtotals for entries that
have been queued for various time periods.
A brief description of the pmdamailq command line options
-b The binlist argument specifies a list of delay thresholds
used to ``bin'' the entries in the queue into a a histogram
based on how long the entry has been in the mail queue. The
default thresholds are: 1 hour, 4 hours, 8 hours, 1 day, 3
days and 7 days. The entries in binlist are comma separated
time intervals, using the syntax described in PCPIntro(1)
for an update or reporting interval, e.g. the default list
could be specified using the value
Values in binlist are assumed to be in ascending order, and
mail items in the queue less than the first threshold are
binned into a special bin labeled ``recent''.
-d It is absolutely crucial that the performance metrics domain
number specified here is unique and consistent. That is,
domain should be different for every PMDA on the one host,
and the same domain number should be used for the same PMDA
on all hosts.
-l Location of the log file. By default, a log file named
mailq.log is written in the current directory of pmcd(1)
when pmdamailq is started, i.e. $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmcd . If the
log file cannot be created or is not writable, output is
written to the standard error instead.
-r Use an extended regular expression to match file names in
the mail queue directory, rather than assuming all "df"
prefixed files in the directory are mail files (the "df"
prefix is the sendmail convention, but this convention is
not followed by other mail daemons). The regex pattern
specified should conform to the POSIX format described in
regex(3), and it describes file names that should be
-U User account under which to run the agent. The default is
the unprivileged "pcp" account in current versions of PCP,
but in older versions the superuser account ("root") was
used by default.
The optional queuedir argument defines the directory in which
pmdamailq expects to find the mail queue. The default is
If you want access to the names, help text and values for the
mailq performance metrics, do the following as root:
# cd $PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mailq
If you want to undo the installation, do the following as root:
# cd $PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mailq
pmdamailq is launched by pmcd(1) and should never be executed
directly. The Install and Remove scripts notify pmcd(1) when the
agent is installed or removed.
command line options used to launch pmdamailq$PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mailq/help
default help text file for the mailq metrics
installation script for the pmdamailq agent
undo installation script for the pmdamailq agent
default log file for error messages and other information
Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to
parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each
installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to
specify an alternative configuration file, as described in
This page is part of the PCP (Performance Co-Pilot) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://www.pcp.io/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, send it to email@example.com. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/performancecopilot/pcp.git⟩ on 2023-06-23.
(At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found
in the repository was 2023-06-21.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
Performance Co-Pilot PCP PMDAMAILQ(1)