This page summarizes variables provided by the curses library's
low-level terminfo interface. A more complete description is
given in the curs_terminfo(3X) manual page.
Depending on the configuration, these may be actual variables, or
macros (see curs_threads(3X)) which provide read-only access to
curses's state. In either case, applications should treat them
as read-only to avoid confusing the library.
Alternate Character Set Mapping
After initializing the curses or terminfo interfaces, the acs_map
array holds information used to translate cells with the
A_ALTCHARSET video attribute into line-drawing characters.
The encoding of the information in this array has changed
periodically. Application developers need only know that it is
used for the “ACS_” constants in <curses.h>.
The comparable data for the wide-character library is a private
Current Terminal Data
After initializing the curses or terminfo interfaces, the
cur_term contains data describing the current terminal. This
variable is also set as a side-effect of set_term(3X) and
It is possible to save a value of cur_term for subsequent use as
a parameter to set_term, for switching between screens.
Alternatively, one can save the return value from newterm or
setupterm(3X) to reuse in set_term.
Terminfo Lookup Tables
The @TIC@(1) and @INFOCMP@(1) programs use lookup tables for the
long and short names of terminfo capabilities, as well as the
corresponding names for termcap capabilities. These are
available to other applications, although the hash-tables used by
the terminfo and termcap functions are not available.
The long terminfo capability names use a “f” (eff) in their
names: boolfnames, numfnames, and strfnames.
These are the short names for terminfo capabilities: boolnames,
numnames, and strnames.
These are the corresponding names used for termcap descriptions:
boolcodes, numcodes, and strcodes.
A terminal description begins with one or more terminal names
separated by “|” (vertical bars). On initialization of the
curses or terminfo interfaces, setupterm(3X) copies the terminal
names to the array ttytype.
In addition to the variables, <term.h> also defines a symbol for
each terminfo capability long name. These are in terms of the
symbol CUR, which is defined
#define CUR ((TERMTYPE *)(cur_term))->
These symbols provide a faster method of accessing terminfo
capabilities than using tigetstr(3X), etc.
The actual definition of CUR depends upon the implementation, but
each terminfo library provides these long names defined to point
into the current terminal description loaded into memory.
X/Open Curses does not describe any of these except for cur_term.
(The inclusion of cur_term appears to be an oversight, since
other comparable low-level information is omitted by X/Open).
Other implementations may have comparable variables. Some
implementations provide the variables in their libraries, but
omit them from the header files.
All implementations which provide terminfo interfaces add
definitions as described in the Terminfo Names section. Most,
but not all, base the definition upon the cur_term variable.
This page is part of the ncurses (new curses) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://www.gnu.org/software/ncurses/ncurses.html⟩. If you have
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