clock(3) — Linux manual page


clock(3)                Library Functions Manual                clock(3)

NAME         top

       clock - determine processor time

LIBRARY         top

       Standard C library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <time.h>

       clock_t clock(void);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The clock() function returns an approximation of processor time
       used by the program.

RETURN VALUE         top

       The value returned is the CPU time used so far as a clock_t; to
       get the number of seconds used, divide by CLOCKS_PER_SEC.  If the
       processor time used is not available or its value cannot be
       represented, the function returns the value (clock_t) -1.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       │ Interface                           Attribute     Value   │
       │ clock()                             │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │

VERSIONS         top

       XSI requires that CLOCKS_PER_SEC equals 1000000 independent of
       the actual resolution.

       On several other implementations, the value returned by clock()
       also includes the times of any children whose status has been
       collected via wait(2) (or another wait-type call).  Linux does
       not include the times of waited-for children in the value
       returned by clock().  The times(2) function, which explicitly
       returns (separate) information about the caller and its children,
       may be preferable.

STANDARDS         top

       C11, POSIX.1-2008.

HISTORY         top

       POSIX.1-2001, C89.

       In glibc 2.17 and earlier, clock() was implemented on top of
       times(2).  For improved accuracy, since glibc 2.18, it is
       implemented on top of clock_gettime(2) (using the

NOTES         top

       The C standard allows for arbitrary values at the start of the
       program; subtract the value returned from a call to clock() at
       the start of the program to get maximum portability.

       Note that the time can wrap around.  On a 32-bit system where
       CLOCKS_PER_SEC equals 1000000 this function will return the same
       value approximately every 72 minutes.

SEE ALSO         top

       clock_gettime(2), getrusage(2), times(2)

Linux man-pages (unreleased)     (date)                         clock(3)

Pages that refer to this page: getrusage(2)times(2)clock_t(3type)ctime(3)time(7)