pcap_get_required_select_timeout() returns, on UNIX, a pointer to a
struct timeval containing a value that must be used as the minimum
timeout in select(2), poll(2), epoll_wait(2), and kevent(2) calls, or
NULL if there is no such timeout. If a non-NULL value is returned,
it must be used regardless of whether pcap_get_selectable_fd(3PCAP)
returns -1 for any descriptor on which those calls are being done.
pcap_get_required_select_timeout() should be called for all pcap_ts
before a call to select(), poll(), epoll_wait(), or kevent(), and any
timeouts used for those calls should be updated as appropriate given
the new value of the timeout.
For kevent(), one EVFILT_TIMER filter per selectable descriptor can
be used, rather than using the timeout argument to kevent(); if the
EVFILT_TIMER event for a particular selectable descriptor signals an
event, pcap_dispatch(3PCAP) should be called for the corresponding
On Linux systems with timerfd_create(2), one timer object created by
timerfd_create() per selectable descriptor can be used, rather than
using the timeout argument to epoll_wait(); if the timer object for a
particular selectable descriptor signals an event,
pcap_dispatch(3PCAP) should be called for the corresponding pcap_t.
Otherwise, a timeout value no larger than the smallest of all
timeouts returned by pcap_get_required_select_timeout() for devices
from which packets will be captured and any other timeouts to be used
in the call should be used as the timeout for the call, and, when the
call returns, pcap_dispatch(3PCAP) should be called for all pcap_ts
for which a non-NULL timeout was returned, regardless of whether it's
indicated as having anything to read from it or not.
All devices with a non-NULL timeout must be put in non-blocking mode
Note that a device on which a read can be done without blocking may,
on some platforms, not have any packets to read if the packet buffer
timeout has expired. A call to pcap_dispatch() or
pcap_next_ex(3PCAP) will return 0 in this case, but will not block.
pcap_get_required_select_timeout() is not available on Windows.
This function became available in libpcap release 1.9.0. In previous
releases, select(), poll(), epoll_wait(), and kevent() cannot be used
on any capture source for which pcap_get_selectable_fd() returns -1.
In libpcap release 1.10.0 and later, the timeout value can change
from call to call, so pcap_get_required_select_timeout() must be
called before each call to select(), poll(), epoll_wait(), or
kevent(), and the new value must be used to calculate timeouts for
the call. Code that does that will also work with libpcap 1.9.x
releases, so code using pcap_get_required_select_timeout() should be
changed to call it for each call to select(), poll(), epoll_wait(),
or kevent() even if the code must also work with libpcap 1.9.x.
This page is part of the libpcap (packet capture library) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://www.tcpdump.org/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, see ⟨http://www.tcpdump.org/#patches⟩. This page was obtained
from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/the-tcpdump-group/libpcap.git⟩ on 2020-06-09.
(At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
the repository was 2020-06-07.) If you discover any rendering prob‐
lems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a bet‐
ter or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections
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