pthread_atfork(3) — Linux manual page


PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)       Linux Programmer's Manual      PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)

NAME         top

       pthread_atfork - register fork handlers

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_atfork(void (*prepare)(void), void (*parent)(void),
                          void (*child)(void));

       Link with -pthread.

DESCRIPTION         top

       The pthread_atfork() function registers fork handlers that are to
       be executed when fork(2) is called by this thread.  The handlers
       are executed in the context of the thread that calls fork(2).

       Three kinds of handler can be registered:

       *  prepare specifies a handler that is executed before fork(2)
          processing starts.

       *  parent specifies a handler that is executed in the parent
          process after fork(2) processing completes.

       *  child specifies a handler that is executed in the child
          process after fork(2) processing completes.

       Any of the three arguments may be NULL if no handler is needed in
       the corresponding phase of fork(2) processing.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, pthread_atfork() returns zero.  On error, it returns
       an error number.  pthread_atfork() may be called multiple times
       by a thread, to register multiple handlers for each phase.  The
       handlers for each phase are called in a specified order: the
       prepare handlers are called in reverse order of registration; the
       parent and child handlers are called in the order of

ERRORS         top

       ENOMEM Could not allocate memory to record the form handler

CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES         top

       When fork(2) is called in a multithreaded process, only the
       calling thread is duplicated in the child process.  The original
       intention of pthread_atfork() was to allow the calling thread to
       be returned to a consistent state.  For example, at the time of
       the call to fork(2), other threads may have locked mutexes that
       are visible in the user-space memory duplicated in the child.
       Such mutexes would never be unlocked, since the threads that
       placed the locks are not duplicated in the child.  The intent of
       pthread_atfork() was to provide a mechanism whereby the
       application (or a library) could ensure that mutexes and other
       process and thread state would be restored to a consistent state.
       In practice, this task is generally too difficult to be

       After a fork(2) in a multithreaded process returns in the child,
       the child should call only async-signal-safe functions (see
       signal-safety(7)) until such time as it calls execve(2) to
       execute a new program.

       POSIX.1 specifies that pthread_atfork() shall not fail with the
       error EINTR.

SEE ALSO         top

       fork(2), atexit(3), pthreads(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.13 of the Linux man-pages project.
       A description of the project, information about reporting bugs,
       and the latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                          2020-08-13              PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)

Pages that refer to this page: clone(2)fork(2)vfork(2)posix_spawn(3)system(3)pthreads(7)signal-safety(7)