setjmp(3p) — Linux manual page


SETJMP(3P)              POSIX Programmer's Manual             SETJMP(3P)

PROLOG         top

       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The
       Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
       corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior),
       or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME         top

       setjmp — set jump point for a non-local goto

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <setjmp.h>

       int setjmp(jmp_buf env);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The functionality described on this reference page is aligned
       with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements
       described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This
       volume of POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard.

       A call to setjmp() shall save the calling environment in its env
       argument for later use by longjmp().

       It is unspecified whether setjmp() is a macro or a function. If a
       macro definition is suppressed in order to access an actual
       function, or a program defines an external identifier with the
       name setjmp, the behavior is undefined.

       An application shall ensure that an invocation of setjmp()
       appears in one of the following contexts only:

        *  The entire controlling expression of a selection or iteration

        *  One operand of a relational or equality operator with the
           other operand an integral constant expression, with the
           resulting expression being the entire controlling expression
           of a selection or iteration statement

        *  The operand of a unary '!'  operator with the resulting
           expression being the entire controlling expression of a
           selection or iteration

        *  The entire expression of an expression statement (possibly
           cast to void)

       If the invocation appears in any other context, the behavior is

RETURN VALUE         top

       If the return is from a direct invocation, setjmp() shall return
       0. If the return is from a call to longjmp(), setjmp() shall
       return a non-zero value.

ERRORS         top

       No errors are defined.

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES         top



       In general, sigsetjmp() is more useful in dealing with errors and
       interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.

RATIONALE         top




SEE ALSO         top

       longjmp(3p), sigsetjmp(3p)

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, setjmp.h(0p)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic
       form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information
       Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The
       Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright
       (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
       Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  In the event of any
       discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The
       Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
       obtained online at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page
       are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of
       the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see .

IEEE/The Open Group               2017                        SETJMP(3P)

Pages that refer to this page: setjmp.h(0p)longjmp(3p)_longjmp(3p)siglongjmp(3p)