groff_me(7) — Linux manual page

Name | Synopsis | Description | Files | Notes | See Also | COLOPHON

groff_me(7)           Miscellaneous Information Manual           groff_me(7)

Name         top

       groff_me - “me” macro package for formatting documents with GNU roff

Synopsis         top

       groff -me [option ...] [input-file ...]

       groff -m me [option ...] [input-file ...]

Description         top

       The me package of macro definitions for the roff language provides a
       convenient facility for preparing technical papers in various
       formats.  This manual page describes the GNU version of the me
       macros, which is part of the groff document formatting system.  This
       version can be used with both GNU troff and Unix troff.

       Many roff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package;
       however, the following requests may be used with impunity after the
       first .pp:

       .bp     begin new page
       .br     break output line here
       .sp n   insert n spacing lines
       .ls n   (line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space
       .na     no alignment of right margin
       .ce n   center next n lines
       .ul n   underline next n lines

       Note: In contrast to its behavior with other macro packages and “raw”
       roff, when using the me package, the .sp request will not put space
       at the top of a page.

       Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as

   Macro reference
       Numeric arguments to macros are denoted with lowercase letters and
       string arguments with uppercase.  An optional macro argument such as
       x appears in brackets, [x].  Note that arguments to macros generally
       must be quoted if they contain whitespace.  An exception is the
       argument to header and footer macros, which require some explanation.
       They take the form “c left c middle c right c”, with spaces added
       here for clarity.  The strings left, middle, and right correspond to
       their page placement and can contain unprotected whitespace, but must
       not contain the (non-space) character c, which delimits them.  For
       brevity, the table presents header and footer arguments as clcmcrc.
       Popular choices for c are the ASCII apostrophe “'” and the ASCII
       double quote “"”.

       This list is incomplete; some requests are too complex to summarize
       in a table, and some that are listed below accept additional
       arguments not shown.  See the -me Reference Manual for interesting

       Request           Initial   Causes   Explanation
                         Value     Break
       .(c               -         yes      Begin centered block.
       .(d               -         no       Begin delayed text.
       .(f               -         no       Begin footnote.
       .(l               -         yes      Begin list.
       .(q               -         yes      Begin major quote.

       .(x [X]           -         no       Begin item in index (named X).
       .(z               -         no       Begin floating keep.
       .)c               -         yes      End centered block.
       .)d               -         yes      End delayed text.
       .)f               -         yes      End footnote.
       .)l               -         yes      End list.
       .)q               -         yes      End major quote.
       .)x               -         yes      End index item.
       .)z               -         yes      End floating keep.
       .++ M [clcmcrc]   -         no       Define paper section as M, which
                                            must be one of C (chapter), A
                                            (appendix), P (preliminary,
                                            i.e., front matter or table of
                                            contents), AB (abstract), B
                                            (bibliography), RC (chapters
                                            renumbered from page one each
                                            chapter), or RA (appendix
                                            renumbered from page one) (and
                                            set page header to clcmcrc).
       .+c [T]           -         yes      Begin chapter (or appendix,
                                            etc., as set by .++) (with title
       .1c               1         yes      One-column format on a new page.
       .2c               1         yes      Two-column format.
       .EN               -         yes      Space after equation produced by
                                            eqn or neqn.
       .EQ [M [T]]       -         yes      Begin displayed equation (with
                                            indentation M, which must be one
                                            of C (centered, default), I
                                            (indented), or L (justified
                                            left) (and title T in right
       .GE               -         yes      End gremlin picture.
       .GS               -         yes      Begin gremlin picture.
       .PE               -         yes      End pic picture.
       .PS               -         yes      Begin pic picture.
       .TE               -         yes      End tbl table.
       .TH               -         yes      End heading of tbl table.
       .TS [H]           -         yes      Begin tbl table; if H, table
                                            repeats heading on each page.
       .b [X [Y]]        -         no       Print X in bold (appending Y in
                                            the previous font); if no
                                            arguments, switch to bold.
       .ba n             0         yes      Augment the base indent (for
                                            regular text, like paragraphs)
                                            by n.
       .bc               -         yes      Begin new column.
       .bi [X [Y]]       -         no       Print X in bold italics
                                            (appending Y in the previous
                                            font); if no arguments, switch
                                            to bold italics.
       .bu               -         yes      Begin bulleted paragraph.
       .bx [X [Y]]       -         no       Print X in a box (with Y
                                            appended).  Renders reliably
                                            only in no-fill mode.
       .ef clcmcrc       """"      no       Set even-numbered page footer.
       .eh clcmcrc       """"      no       Set even-numbered page header.
       .fo clcmcrc       """"      no       Set page footer.
       .hx               -         no       Suppress headers and footers on
                                            next page.
       .he clcmcrc       """"      no       Set page header.
       .hl               -         yes      Draw a horizontal line.
       .i [X [Y]]        -         no       Print X in italics (appending Y
                                            in the previous font); if no
                                            arguments, switch to italics.

       .ip [X [n]]       n=5n      yes      Start indented paragraph (with
                                            hanging tag X (and indentation
       .lp               -         yes      Begin paragraph with first line
                                            flush left.
       .np               1         yes      Start numbered paragraph.
       .of clcmcrc       """"      no       Set odd-numbered page footer.
       .oh clcmcrc       """"      no       Set odd-numbered page header.
       .pd               -         yes      Print delayed text.
       .pp               -         yes      Begin paragraph with indented
                                            first line.
       .r [X [Y]]        -         no       Print X in roman (appending Y in
                                            the previous font); if no
                                            arguments, switch to roman.
       .re               0.5i      no       Reset tabs to default values.
       .sh [n [T]]       n=1       yes      Start numbered section; print
                                            section number (set to n (and
                                            title T)) in bold.
       .sk               -         no       Leave the next page blank.  Only
                                            one page is remembered ahead.
       .sm X [Y]         -         no       Print X in a smaller point size
                                            (appending Y at the previous
       .sz n             10p       no       Augment the point size by n
       .tp               -         yes      Begin title page.
       .u X [Y]          -         no       Underline X (appending Y without
                                            underlining).  Renders reliably
                                            only in no-fill mode.
       .uh [T]           -         yes      Start unnumbered section (and
                                            print title T in bold).
       .xp [X]           -         no       Print index (named X).

Files         top

       /usr/local/share/groff/1.22.4/tmac/me.tmac (a wrapper file for

Notes         top

       Early roff macro packages limited themselves to a single-letter
       namespace (mm, ms, mv, mn, etc.).  The “e” in “me” stands for “Eric
       P. Allman”, who wrote the macro package and the original technical
       papers documenting it while an undergraduate at the University of

See Also         top

       groff(1), troff(1)

       Two manuals are available in source and rendered form.  On your
       system, they may be compressed and/or available in additional

              is Writing Papers with Groff Using -me, by Eric P. Allman and
              James Clark.

              is the -me Reference Manual, by Eric P. Allman and James

       For preprocessors supported by me, see eqn(1), grn(1), pic(1),
       refer(1), and tbl(1).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the groff (GNU troff) project.  Information
       about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, see ⟨⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2020-06-09.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2020-06-04.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to

groff            16 May 2020                     groff_me(7)

Pages that refer to this page: groff(1)groff_tmac(5)