arping(8) — Linux manual page


ARPING(8)                        iputils                       ARPING(8)

NAME         top

       arping - send ARP REQUEST to a neighbour host

SYNOPSIS         top

       arping [-AbDfhqUV] [-c count] [-w deadline] [-i interval]
              [-s source] [-I interface] {destination}

DESCRIPTION         top

       Ping destination on device interface by ARP packets, using source
       address source.

       arping supports IPv4 addresses only. For IPv6, see ndisc6(8).

OPTIONS         top

           The same as -U, but ARP REPLY packets used instead of ARP

           Send only MAC level broadcasts. Normally arping starts from
           sending broadcast, and switch to unicast after reply

       -c count
           Stop after sending count ARP REQUEST packets. With deadline
           option, instead wait for count ARP REPLY packets, or until
           the timeout expires.

           Duplicate address detection mode (DAD). See RFC2131, 4.4.1.
           Returns 0, if DAD succeeded i.e. no replies are received.

           Finish after the first reply confirming that target is alive.

       -I interface
           Name of network device where to send ARP REQUEST packets.

           Print help page and exit.

           Quiet output. Nothing is displayed.

       -s source
           IP source address to use in ARP packets. If this option is
           absent, source address is:

               • In DAD mode (with option -D) set to

               • In Unsolicited ARP mode (with options -U or -A) set to

               • Otherwise, it is calculated from routing tables.

           Unsolicited ARP mode to update neighbours' ARP caches. No
           replies are expected.

           Print version of the program and exit.

       -w deadline
           Specify a timeout, in seconds, before arping exits regardless
           of how many packets have been sent or received. If any
           replies are received, exit with status 0, otherwise status 1.
           When combined with the count option, exit with status 0 if
           count replies are received before the deadline expiration,
           otherwise status 1.

       -i interval
           Specify an interval, in seconds, between packets.

SEE ALSO         top

       ndisc6(8), ping(8), clockdiff(8), tracepath(8).

AUTHOR         top

       arping was written by Alexey Kuznetsov <>.

SECURITY         top

       arping requires CAP_NET_RAW capability to be executed. It is not
       recommended to be used as set-uid root, because it allows user to
       modify ARP caches of neighbour hosts.

AVAILABILITY         top

       arping is part of iputils package.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the iputils (IP utilities) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
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       this manual page, send it to,  This page was obtained from the
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       ⟨⟩ on 2023-06-23.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
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       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

iputils 20221126                                               ARPING(8)

Pages that refer to this page: clockdiff(8)