NSS-RESOLVE(8) nss-resolve NSS-RESOLVE(8)
nss-resolve, libnss_resolve.so.2 - Hostname resolution via systemd-resolved.service
nss-resolve is a plug-in module for the GNU Name Service Switch (NSS) functionality of the GNU C Library (glibc) enabling it to resolve hostnames via the systemd-resolved(8) local network name resolution service. It replaces the nss-dns plug-in module that traditionally resolves hostnames via DNS. To activate the NSS module, add "resolve [!UNAVAIL=return]" to the line starting with "hosts:" in /etc/nsswitch.conf. Specifically, it is recommended to place "resolve" early in /etc/nsswitch.conf's "hosts:" line. It should be before the "files" entry, since systemd-resolved supports /etc/hosts internally, but with caching. To the contrary, it should be after "mymachines", to give hostnames given to local VMs and containers precedence over names received over DNS. Finally, we recommend placing "dns" somewhere after "resolve", to fall back to nss-dns if systemd-resolved.service is not available. Note that systemd-resolved will synthesize DNS resource records in a few cases, for example for "localhost" and the current local hostname, see systemd-resolved(8) for the full list. This duplicates the functionality of nss-myhostname(8), but it is still recommended (see examples below) to keep nss-myhostname configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf, to keep those names resolveable if systemd-resolved is not running. Please keep in mind that nss-myhostname (and nss-resolve) also resolve in the other direction — from locally attached IP addresses to hostnames. If you rely on that lookup being provided by DNS, you might want to order things differently. Communication between nss-resolve and systemd-resolved.service takes place via the /run/systemd/resolve/io.systemd.Resolve AF_UNIX socket.
$SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_VALIDATE Takes a boolean argument. When false, cryptographic validation of resource records via DNSSEC will be disabled. This may be useful for testing, or when system time is known to be unreliable. $SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_SYNTHESIZE Takes a boolean argument. When false, synthetic records, e.g. for the local host name, will not be returned. See section SYNTHETIC RECORDS in systemd-resolved.service(8) for more information. This may be useful to query the "public" resource records, independent of the configuration of the local machine. $SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_CACHE Takes a boolean argument. When false, the cache of previously queried records will not be used by systemd-resolved(8). $SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_ZONE Takes a boolean argument. When false, answers using locally registered public LLMNR/mDNS resource records will not be returned. $SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_TRUST_ANCHOR Takes a boolean argument. When false, answers using locally configured trust anchors will not be used. $SYSTEMD_NSS_RESOLVE_NETWORK Takes a boolean argument. When false, answers will be returned without using the network, i.e. either from local sources or the cache in systemd-resolved(8).
Here is an example /etc/nsswitch.conf file that enables nss-resolve correctly: passwd: compat systemd group: compat [SUCCESS=merge] systemd shadow: compat systemd gshadow: files systemd hosts: mymachines resolve [!UNAVAIL=return] files myhostname dns networks: files protocols: db files services: db files ethers: db files rpc: db files netgroup: nis
systemd(1), systemd-resolved(8), nss-systemd(8), nss-myhostname(8), nss-mymachines(8), nsswitch.conf(5), systemd.syntax(5)
This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2023-06-23. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2023-06-23.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org systemd 253 NSS-RESOLVE(8)
Pages that refer to this page: systemd.directives(7), systemd.index(7), nss-myhostname(8), nss-mymachines(8), nss-systemd(8), systemd-resolved.service(8)