git-archive(1) — Linux manual page


GIT-ARCHIVE(1)                 Git Manual                 GIT-ARCHIVE(1)

NAME         top

       git-archive - Create an archive of files from a named tree

SYNOPSIS         top

       git archive [--format=<fmt>] [--list] [--prefix=<prefix>/] [<extra>]
                     [-o <file> | --output=<file>] [--worktree-attributes]
                     [--remote=<repo> [--exec=<git-upload-archive>]] <tree-ish>

DESCRIPTION         top

       Creates an archive of the specified format containing the tree
       structure for the named tree, and writes it out to the standard
       output. If <prefix> is specified it is prepended to the filenames
       in the archive.

       git archive behaves differently when given a tree ID versus when
       given a commit ID or tag ID. In the first case the current time
       is used as the modification time of each file in the archive. In
       the latter case the commit time as recorded in the referenced
       commit object is used instead. Additionally the commit ID is
       stored in a global extended pax header if the tar format is used;
       it can be extracted using git get-tar-commit-id. In ZIP files it
       is stored as a file comment.

OPTIONS         top

           Format of the resulting archive: tar or zip. If this option
           is not given, and the output file is specified, the format is
           inferred from the filename if possible (e.g. writing to
           "" makes the output to be in the zip format).
           Otherwise the output format is tar.

       -l, --list
           Show all available formats.

       -v, --verbose
           Report progress to stderr.

           Prepend <prefix>/ to each filename in the archive.

       -o <file>, --output=<file>
           Write the archive to <file> instead of stdout.

           Add a non-tracked file to the archive. Can be repeated to add
           multiple files. The path of the file in the archive is built
           by concatenating the value for --prefix (if any) and the
           basename of <file>.

           Look for attributes in .gitattributes files in the working
           tree as well (see the section called “ATTRIBUTES”).

           This can be any options that the archiver backend
           understands. See next section.

           Instead of making a tar archive from the local repository,
           retrieve a tar archive from a remote repository. Note that
           the remote repository may place restrictions on which sha1
           expressions may be allowed in <tree-ish>. See
           git-upload-archive(1) for details.

           Used with --remote to specify the path to the
           git-upload-archive on the remote side.

           The tree or commit to produce an archive for.

           Without an optional path parameter, all files and
           subdirectories of the current working directory are included
           in the archive. If one or more paths are specified, only
           these are included.


           Store the files instead of deflating them.

           Highest and slowest compression level. You can specify any
           number from 1 to 9 to adjust compression speed and ratio.


           This variable can be used to restrict the permission bits of
           tar archive entries. The default is 0002, which turns off the
           world write bit. The special value "user" indicates that the
           archiving user’s umask will be used instead. See umask(2) for
           details. If --remote is used then only the configuration of
           the remote repository takes effect.

           This variable specifies a shell command through which the tar
           output generated by git archive should be piped. The command
           is executed using the shell with the generated tar file on
           its standard input, and should produce the final output on
           its standard output. Any compression-level options will be
           passed to the command (e.g., "-9"). An output file with the
           same extension as <format> will be use this format if no
           other format is given.

           The "tar.gz" and "tgz" formats are defined automatically and
           default to gzip -cn. You may override them with custom

           If true, enable <format> for use by remote clients via
           git-upload-archive(1). Defaults to false for user-defined
           formats, but true for the "tar.gz" and "tgz" formats.

ATTRIBUTES         top

           Files and directories with the attribute export-ignore won’t
           be added to archive files. See gitattributes(5) for details.

           If the attribute export-subst is set for a file then Git will
           expand several placeholders when adding this file to an
           archive. See gitattributes(5) for details.

       Note that attributes are by default taken from the .gitattributes
       files in the tree that is being archived. If you want to tweak
       the way the output is generated after the fact (e.g. you
       committed without adding an appropriate export-ignore in its
       .gitattributes), adjust the checked out .gitattributes file as
       necessary and use --worktree-attributes option. Alternatively you
       can keep necessary attributes that should apply while archiving
       any tree in your $GIT_DIR/info/attributes file.

EXAMPLES         top

       git archive --format=tar --prefix=junk/ HEAD | (cd /var/tmp/ &&
       tar xf -)
           Create a tar archive that contains the contents of the latest
           commit on the current branch, and extract it in the
           /var/tmp/junk directory.

       git archive --format=tar --prefix=git-1.4.0/ v1.4.0 | gzip
           Create a compressed tarball for v1.4.0 release.

       git archive --format=tar.gz --prefix=git-1.4.0/ v1.4.0
           Same as above, but using the builtin tar.gz handling.

       git archive --prefix=git-1.4.0/ -o git-1.4.0.tar.gz v1.4.0
           Same as above, but the format is inferred from the output

       git archive --format=tar --prefix=git-1.4.0/ v1.4.0^{tree} | gzip
           Create a compressed tarball for v1.4.0 release, but without a
           global extended pax header.

       git archive --format=zip --prefix=git-docs/ HEAD:Documentation/ >
           Put everything in the current head’s Documentation/ directory
           into, with the prefix git-docs/.

       git archive -o HEAD
           Create a Zip archive that contains the contents of the latest
           commit on the current branch. Note that the output format is
           inferred by the extension of the output file.

       git config tar.tar.xz.command "xz -c"
           Configure a "tar.xz" format for making LZMA-compressed
           tarfiles. You can use it specifying --format=tar.xz, or by
           creating an output file like -o foo.tar.xz.

SEE ALSO         top


GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control
       system) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2021-08-27.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2021-08-24.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git         08/27/2021                 GIT-ARCHIVE(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-config(1)gitattributes(5)gitweb.conf(5)