lpr(1) — Linux manual page


lpr(1)                         Apple Inc.                         lpr(1)

NAME         top

       lpr - print files

SYNOPSIS         top

       lpr [ -E ] [ -H server[:port] ] [ -U username ] [ -P
       destination[/instance] ] [ -# num-copies [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -m ] [
       -o option[=value] ] [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -C title ] [ -J title
       ] [ -T title ] [ file(s) ]

DESCRIPTION         top

       lpr submits files for printing.  Files named on the command line
       are sent to the named printer or the default destination if no
       destination is specified.  If no files are listed on the command-
       line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.

       CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The
       LPDEST and PRINTER environment variables are consulted first.  If
       neither are set, the current default set using the lpoptions(1)
       command is used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8)

OPTIONS         top

       The following options are recognized by lpr:

       -E   Forces encryption when connecting to the server.

       -H server[:port]
            Specifies an alternate server.

       -C "name"

       -J "name"

       -T "name"
            Sets the job name/title.

       -P destination[/instance]
            Prints files to the named printer.

       -U username
            Specifies an alternate username.

       -# copies
            Sets the number of copies to print.

       -h   Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -o

       -l   Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the
            destination and should be sent without filtering.  This
            option is equivalent to -o raw.

       -m   Send an email on job completion.

       -o option[=value]
            Sets a job option.  See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.

       -p   Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a
            shaded header with the date, time, job name, and page
            number.  This option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is
            only useful when printing text files.

       -q   Hold job for printing.

       -r   Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after
            submitting them.

       Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the
       lpoptions(1) command, the following generic options are

       -o job-sheets=name
            Prints a cover page (banner) with the document.  The "name"
            can be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard",
            "topsecret", or "unclassified".

       -o media=size
            Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least
            the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".

       -o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}
            Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each
            output page.

       -o orientation-requested=4
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-

       -o orientation-requested=5
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=6
            Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).

       -o print-quality=3

       -o print-quality=4

       -o print-quality=5
            Specifies the output quality - draft (3), normal (4), or
            best (5).

       -o sides=one-sided
            Prints on one side of the paper.

       -o sides=two-sided-long-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.

       -o sides=two-sided-short-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.

NOTES         top

       The -c, -d, -f, -g, -i, -n, -t, -v, and -w options are not
       supported by CUPS and produce a warning message if used.

EXAMPLES         top

       Print two copies of a document to the default printer:

           lpr -# 2 filename

       Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

       Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename

SEE ALSO         top

       cancel(1), lp(1), lpadmin(8), lpoptions(1), lpq(1), lprm(1),
       lpstat(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2007-2019 by Apple Inc.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the CUPS (a standards-based, open source
       printing system) project.  Information about the project can be
       found at ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, see ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/apple/cups⟩ on 2024-06-14.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-10-27.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

26 April 2019                     CUPS                            lpr(1)

Pages that refer to this page: cups(1)lp(1)lpoptions(1)lpq(1)lprm(1)lpstat(1)backend(7)environ(7)lpadmin(8)lpc(8)lpmove(8)