mysql_install_db initializes the MariaDB data directory and
creates the system tables that it contains, if they do not exist.
To invoke mysql_install_db, use the following syntax:
shell> mysql_install_db [options]
Because the MariaDB server, mysqld, needs to access the data
directory when it runs later, you should either run
mysql_install_db from the same account that will be used for
running mysqld or run it as root and use the --user option to
indicate the user name that mysqld will run as. It might be
necessary to specify other options such as --basedir or --datadir
if mysql_install_db does not use the correct locations for the
installation directory or data directory. For example:
shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \--basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql \--datadir=/opt/mysql/mysql/datamysql_install_db needs to invoke mysqld with the --bootstrap and
--skip-grant-tables options (see Section 2.3.2, “Typical
configure Options”). If MariaDB was configured with the
--disable-grant-options option, --bootstrap and
--skip-grant-tables will be disabled. To handle this, set the
MYSQLD_BOOTSTRAP environment variable to the full path name of a
server that has all options enabled. mysql_install_db will use
mysql_install_db supports the following options, which can be
specified on the command line or in the [mysql_install_db] and
(if they are common to mysqld) [mysqld] option file groups.
The path to the MariaDB installation directory.
If using --srcdir with out-of-directory builds, you will need
to set this to the location of the build directory where
built files reside..
For internal use. Used when building the MariaDB system
tables on a different host than the target..
• --datadir=path, --ldata=path
The path to the MariaDB data directory.
Set filename as the file to read default options from after
the global defaults files has been read. Must be given as
Set filename as the file to read default options from,
override global defaults files. Must be given as first
In addition to the given groups, also read groups with this
Cause mysql_install_db to run even if DNS does not work. In
that case, grant table entries that normally use host names
will use IP addresses.
Display a help message and exit.
Do not read default options from any option file. This must
be given as the first argument.
Print the program argument list and exit. This must be given
as the first argument.
For internal use. This option is used by RPM files during the
MariaDB installation process.
Use IP addresses rather than host names when creating grant
table entries. This option can be useful if your DNS does not
For internal use. The directory under which mysql_install_db
looks for support files such as the error message file and
the file for populating the help tables.4.
The login user name to use for running mysqld. Files and
directories created by mysqld will be owned by this user. You
must be root to use this option. By default, mysqld runs
using your current login name and files and directories that
it creates will be owned by you.
Add user defined SQL file, to be executed following regular
Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program
For internal use. This option is used for creating Windows
Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.,
2010-2020 MariaDB Foundation
This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it
and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
of the License.
This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be
useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1335 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
This page is part of the MariaDB (MariaDB database server)
project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://mariadb.org/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, see ⟨https://mariadb.com/kb/en/mariadb/reporting-bugs/⟩.
This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/MariaDB/server⟩ on 2023-06-23. (At that
time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
repository was 2023-05-11.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
MariaDB 10.8 15 May 2020 MARIADB-INSTALL-DB(1)