nice(1) — Linux manual page


NICE(1)                       User Commands                      NICE(1)

NAME         top

       nice - run a program with modified scheduling priority

SYNOPSIS         top

       nice [OPTION] [COMMAND [ARG]...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Run COMMAND with an adjusted niceness, which affects process
       scheduling.  With no COMMAND, print the current niceness.
       Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to
       19 (least favorable to the process).

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short
       options too.

       -n, --adjustment=N
              add integer N to the niceness (default 10)

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       NOTE: your shell may have its own version of nice, which usually
       supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your
       shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.

   Exit status:
       125    if the nice command itself fails

       126    if COMMAND is found but cannot be invoked

       127    if COMMAND cannot be found

       -      the exit status of COMMAND otherwise

AUTHOR         top

       Written by David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help:
       Report any translation bugs to

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:
       GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute
       it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top

       nice(2), renice(1)

       Full documentation <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) nice invocation'

COLOPHON         top

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GNU coreutils 9.4              August 2023                       NICE(1)

Pages that refer to this page: chrt(1)kill(1@@procps-ng)ps(1)renice(1)skill(1)taskset(1)uclampset(1)getpriority(2)nice(2)sched(7)ovs-ctl(8)