PROLOG  NAME  SYNOPSIS  DESCRIPTION  RETURN VALUE  ERRORS  EXAMPLES  APPLICATION USAGE  RATIONALE  FUTURE DIRECTIONS  SEE ALSO  COPYRIGHT 


LGAMMA(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual LGAMMA(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
lgamma, lgammaf, lgammal, signgam — log gamma function
#include <math.h> double lgamma(double x); float lgammaf(float x); long double lgammal(long double x); extern int signgam;
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard. These functions shall compute log_e │Γ(x)│ where Γ(x) is defined as ∞0∫e^ −tt^ x−1dt. The argument x need not be a nonpositive integer (Γ(x) is defined over the reals, except the nonpositive integers). If x is NaN, Inf, or a negative integer, the value of signgam is unspecified. These functions need not be threadsafe. An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is nonzero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the logarithmic gamma of x. If x is a nonpositive integer, a pole error shall occur and lgamma(), lgammaf(), and lgammal() shall return +HUGE_VAL, +HUGE_VALF, and +HUGE_VALL, respectively. If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and lgamma(), lgammaf(), and lgammal() shall return ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (having the same sign as the correct value), respectively. If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned. If x is 1 or 2, +0 shall be returned. If x is ±Inf, +Inf shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if: Pole Error The x argument is a negative integer or zero. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the dividebyzero floatingpoint exception shall be raised. Range Error The result overflows. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the overflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised. The following sections are informative.
None.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
None.
None.
exp(3p), feclearexcept(3p), fetestexcept(3p), isnan(3p) The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, Section 4.20, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, math.h(0p)
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic
form from IEEE Std 1003.12017, Standard for Information
Technology  Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The
Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright
(C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any
discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The
Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page
are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of
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https://www.kernel.org/doc/manpages/reporting_bugs.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2017 LGAMMA(3P)
Pages that refer to this page: math.h(0p), signgam(3p), tgamma(3p)