PROLOG  NAME  SYNOPSIS  DESCRIPTION  RETURN VALUE  ERRORS  EXAMPLES  APPLICATION USAGE  RATIONALE  FUTURE DIRECTIONS  SEE ALSO  COPYRIGHT 


LOG(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual LOG(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
log, logf, logl — natural logarithm function
#include <math.h> double log(double x); float logf(float x); long double logl(long double x);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard. These functions shall compute the natural logarithm of their argument x, loge(x). An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is nonzero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the natural logarithm of x. If x is ±0, a pole error shall occur and log(), logf(), and logl() shall return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively. For finite values of x that are less than 0, or if x is Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementationdefined value shall be returned. If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned. If x is 1, +0 shall be returned. If x is +Inf, x shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if: Domain Error The finite value of x is negative, or x is Inf. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the invalid floatingpoint exception shall be raised. Pole Error The value of x is zero. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the dividebyzero floatingpoint exception shall be raised. The following sections are informative.
None.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
None.
None.
exp(3p), feclearexcept(3p), fetestexcept(3p), isnan(3p), log10(3p), log1p(3p) The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, Section 4.20, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, math.h(0p)
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic
form from IEEE Std 1003.12017, Standard for Information
Technology  Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The
Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright
(C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any
discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The
Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
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IEEE/The Open Group 2017 LOG(3P)
Pages that refer to this page: math.h(0p), exp2(3p), exp(3p), log10(3p), log1p(3p), log2(3p), logf(3p)