This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or
the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with
the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described
here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of
POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the square root of their argument x,
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno
to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these
functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID
| FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the square
root of x.
For finite values of x < −0, a domain error shall occur, and either a
NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0 or +Inf, x shall be returned.
If x is −Inf, a domain error shall occur, and a NaN shall be
These functions shall fail if:
The finite value of x is < −0, or x is −Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO)
is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the
integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is
non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall
The following sections are informative.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information
Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open
Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1
applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and
the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the
source files to man page format. To report such errors, see
IEEE/The Open Group 2013 SQRT(3P)