systemd-suspend.service(8) — Linux manual page


SYSTEMD-S....SERVICE(8)  systemd-suspend.service SYSTEMD-S....SERVICE(8)

NAME         top

       systemd-suspend.service, systemd-hibernate.service, systemd-
       hybrid-sleep.service, systemd-suspend-then-hibernate.service,
       systemd-sleep - System sleep state logic

SYNOPSIS         top


DESCRIPTION         top

       systemd-suspend.service is a system service that is pulled in by and is responsible for the actual system suspend.
       Similarly, systemd-hibernate.service is pulled in by to execute the actual hibernation. Finally,
       systemd-hybrid-sleep.service is pulled in by
       to execute hybrid hibernation with system suspend and pulled in
       by to execute system suspend with a
       timeout that will activate hibernate later.

       Immediately before entering system suspend and/or hibernation
       systemd-suspend.service (and the other mentioned units,
       respectively) will run all executables in
       /usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/ and pass two arguments to them.
       The first argument will be "pre", the second either "suspend",
       "hibernate", "hybrid-sleep", or "suspend-then-hibernate"
       depending on the chosen action. An environment variable called
       "SYSTEMD_SLEEP_ACTION" will be set and contain the sleep action
       that is processing. This is primarily helpful for
       "suspend-then-hibernate" where the value of the variable will be
       "suspend", "hibernate", or "suspend-after-failed-hibernate" in
       cases where hibernation has failed. Immediately after leaving
       system suspend and/or hibernation the same executables are run,
       but the first argument is now "post". All executables in this
       directory are executed in parallel, and execution of the action
       is not continued until all executables have finished.

       Note that scripts or binaries dropped in
       /usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/ are intended for local use only
       and should be considered hacks. If applications want to react to
       system suspend/hibernation and resume, they should rather use the
       Inhibitor interface[1].

       Note that systemd-suspend.service, systemd-hibernate.service,
       systemd-hybrid-sleep.service, and
       systemd-suspend-then-hibernate.service should never be executed
       directly. Instead, trigger system sleep with a command such as
       systemctl suspend or systemctl hibernate.

       Internally, this service will echo a string like "mem" into
       /sys/power/state, to trigger the actual system suspend. What
       exactly is written where can be configured in the [Sleep] section
       of /etc/systemd/sleep.conf or a sleep.conf.d file. See

OPTIONS         top

       systemd-sleep understands the following commands:

       -h, --help
           Print a short help text and exit.

           Print a short version string and exit.

       suspend, hibernate, suspend-then-hibernate, hybrid-sleep
           Suspend, hibernate, suspend then hibernate, or put the system
           to hybrid sleep.

           Added in version 203.

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd-sleep.conf(5), systemd(1), systemctl(1),
       systemd.special(7), systemd-halt.service(8)

NOTES         top

        1. Inhibitor interface

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service
       manager) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, see
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-12-22.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

systemd 255                                      SYSTEMD-S....SERVICE(8)

Pages that refer to this page: systemd-sleep.conf(5)systemd.directives(7)systemd.index(7)systemd-poweroff.service(8)systemd-soft-reboot.service(8)