This is filebuff/mix23_linebuff.c, an example to accompany the book, The Linux Programming Interface.
This file is not printed in the book; it is the solution to Exercise 13-4 (page 250).
The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 3.
In the listing below, the names of Linux system calls and C library functions are hyperlinked to manual pages from the Linux man-pages project, and the names of functions implemented in the book are hyperlinked to the implementations of those functions.
/* mix23_linebuff.c Illustrates the impact of stdio buffering when using stdio library functions and I/O system calls to work on the same file. Observe the difference in output when running this program with output directed to a terminal and again with output directed to a file. */ #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h>
Note that, in most cases, the programs rendered in these web pages are not free standing: you'll typically also need a few other source files (mostly in the lib/ subdirectory) as well. Generally, it's easier to just download the entire source tarball and build the programs with make(1). By hovering your mouse over the various hyperlinked include files and function calls above, you can see which other source files this file depends on.