ipcs(1) — Linux manual page


IPCS(1)                       User Commands                      IPCS(1)

NAME         top

       ipcs - show information on IPC facilities

SYNOPSIS         top

       ipcs [options]

DESCRIPTION         top

       ipcs shows information on System V inter-process communication
       facilities.  By default it shows information about all three
       resources: shared memory segments, message queues, and semaphore

OPTIONS         top

       -i, --id id
              Show full details on just the one resource element
              identified by id.  This option needs to be combined with
              one of the three resource options: -m, -q or -s.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

   Resource options
       -m, --shmems
              Write information about active shared memory segments.

       -q, --queues
              Write information about active message queues.

       -s, --semaphores
              Write information about active semaphore sets.

       -a, --all
              Write information about all three resources (default).

   Output formats
       Of these options only one takes effect: the last one specified.

       -c, --creator
              Show creator and owner.

       -l, --limits
              Show resource limits.

       -p, --pid
              Show PIDs of creator and last operator.

       -t, --time
              Write time information.  The time of the last control
              operation that changed the access permissions for all
              facilities, the time of the last msgsnd(2) and msgrcv(2)
              operations on message queues, the time of the last
              shmat(2) and shmdt(2) operations on shared memory, and the
              time of the last semop(2) operation on semaphores.

       -u, --summary
              Show status summary.

       These affect only the -l (--limits) option.

       -b, --bytes
              Print sizes in bytes.

              Print sizes in human-readable format.

CONFORMING TO         top

       The Linux ipcs utility is not fully compatible to the POSIX ipcs
       utility.  The Linux version does not support the POSIX -a, -b and
       -o options, but does support the -l and -u options not defined by
       POSIX.  A portable application shall not use the -a, -b, -o, -l,
       and -u options.

NOTES         top

       The current implementation of ipcs obtains information about
       available IPC resources by parsing the files in /proc/sysvipc.
       Before util-linux version v2.23, an alternate mechanism was used:
       the IPC_STAT command of msgctl(2), semctl(2), and shmctl(2).
       This mechanism is also used in later util-linux versions in the
       case where /proc is unavailable.  A limitation of the IPC_STAT
       mechanism is that it can only be used to retrieve information
       about IPC resources for which the user has read permission.

AUTHORS         top

       Krishna Balasubramanian ⟨balasub@cis.ohio-state.edu⟩

SEE ALSO         top

       ipcmk(1), ipcrm(1), msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2), semget(2), semop(2),
       shmat(2), shmdt(2), shmget(2), sysvipc(7)

AVAILABILITY         top

       The ipcs command is part of the util-linux package and is
       available from Linux Kernel Archive 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project.  Information about the project can be found
       at ⟨https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/⟩.  If you
       have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
       util-linux@vger.kernel.org.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/utils/util-linux/util-linux.git⟩ on
       2021-03-21.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-03-19.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

util-linux                      July 2014                        IPCS(1)

Pages that refer to this page: ipcmk(1)ipcrm(1)msgctl(2)semctl(2)semget(2)shmctl(2)proc(5)sysvipc(7)