pcp2XXX is a customizable performance metrics exporter tool from
PCP to XXX. Any available performance metric, live or archived,
system and/or application, can be selected for exporting using
either command line arguments or a configuration file.
pcp2XXX is a close relative of pmrep(1). Refer to pmrep(1) for
the metricspec description accepted on pcp2XXX command line. See
pmrep.conf(5) for description of the pcp2XXX.conf configuration
file syntax. This page describes pcp2XXX specific options and
configuration file differences with pmrep.conf(5). pmrep(1) also
lists some usage examples of which most are applicable with
pcp2XXX as well.
Only the command line options listed on this page are supported,
other options available for pmrep(1) are not supported.
Options via environment values (see pmGetOptions(3)) override the
corresponding built-in default values (if any). Configuration
file options override the corresponding environment variables (if
any). Command line options override the corresponding
configuration file options (if any).
pcp2XXX uses a configuration file with syntax described in
pmrep.conf(5). The following options are common with pmrep.conf:
version, source, speclocal, derived, header, globals, samples,
interval, type, type_prefer, ignore_incompat, names_change,
instances, live_filter, rank, limit_filter, limit_filter_force,
invert_filter, predicate, omit_flat, precision, precision_force,
count_scale, count_scale_force, space_scale, space_scale_force,
time_scale, time_scale_force. The rest of the pmrep.conf options
are recognized but ignored for compatibility.
pcp2XXX specific options
The available command line options are:
-0 precision, --precision-force=precision
Like -P but this option will override per-metric
-4 action, --names-change=action
Specify which action to take on receiving a metric names
change event during sampling. These events occur when a
PMDA discovers new metrics sometime after starting up, and
informs running client tools like pcp2XXX. Valid values for
action are update (refresh metrics being sampled), ignore
(do nothing - the default behaviour) and abort (exit the
program if such an event occurs).
Silently ignore any metric name that cannot be resolved. At
least one metric must be found for the tool to start.
-8 limit, --limit-filter=limit
Limit results to instances with values above/below limit. A
positive integer will include instances with values at or
above the limit in reporting. A negative integer will
include instances with values at or below the limit in
reporting. A value of zero performs no limit filtering.
This option will not override possible per-metric
specifications. See also -J and -N.
-9 limit, --limit-filter-force=limit
Like -8 but this option will override per-metric
-a archive, --archive=archive
Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of
Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive log files identified by
the archive argument, which is a comma-separated list of
names, each of which may be the base name of an archive or
the name of a directory containing one or more archives.
-A align, --align=align
Force the initial sample to be aligned on the boundary of a
natural time unit align. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a
complete description of the syntax for align.
Read metric source archives from the PCP archive folio
created by tools like pmchart(1) or, less often, manually
-b scale, --space-scale=scaleUnit/scale for space (byte) metrics, possible values include
bytes, Kbytes, KB, Mbytes, MB, and so forth. This option
will not override possible per-metric specifications. See
-B scale, --space-scale-force=scale
Like -b but this option will override per-metric
-c config, --config=config
Specify the config file or directory to use. In case config
is a directory all files in it ending .conf will be
included. The default is the first found of:
./pcp2XXX.conf, $HOME/.pcp2XXX.conf, $HOME/pcp/pcp2XXX.conf,
and $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pcp2XXX.conf. For details, see the
above section and pmrep.conf(5).
Fetch performance metrics from the specified container,
either local or remote (see -h).
Exit before reporting any values, but after parsing the
configuration and metrics and printing possible headers.
Daemonize on startup.
-e derived, --derived=derived
Specify derived performance metrics. If derived starts with
a slash (``/'') or with a dot (``.'') it will be interpreted
as a PCP derived metrics configuration file, otherwise it
will be interpreted as comma- or semicolon-separated derived
metric expressions. For complete description of derived
metrics and PCP derived metrics configuration files see
pmLoadDerivedConfig(3) and pmRegisterDerived(3).
Alternatively, using pmrep.conf(5) configuration syntax
allows defining derived metrics as part of metricsets.
Do not include global metrics in reporting (see
-f format, --timestamp-format=format
Use the format string for formatting the timestamp. The
format will be used with Python's datetime.strftime method
which is mostly the same as that described in strftime(3).
The default is %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.
-F outfile, --output-file=outfile
Specify the output file outfile.
-h host, --host=host
Fetch performance metrics from pmcd(1) on host, rather than
from the default localhost.
Do not print any headers.
-i instances, --instances=instances
Retrieve and report only the specified metric instances. By
default all instances, present and future, are reported.
Refer to pmrep(1) for complete description of this option.
Ignore incompatible metrics. By default incompatible
metrics (that is, their type is unsupported or they cannot
be scaled as requested) will cause pcp2XXX to terminate with
an error message. With this option all incompatible metrics
are silently omitted from reporting. This may be especially
useful when requesting non-leaf nodes of the PMNS tree for
Perform instance live filtering. This allows capturing all
named instances even if processes are restarted at some
point (unlike without live filtering). Performing live
filtering over a huge number of instances will add some
internal overhead so a bit of user caution is advised. See
-J rank, --rank=rank
Limit results to highest/lowest ranked instances of set-
valued metrics. A positive integer will include highest
valued instances in reporting. A negative integer will
include lowest valued instances in reporting. A value of
zero performs no ranking. Ranking does not imply sorting,
see -6. See also -8.
-K spec, --spec-local=spec
When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K
option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be
made accessible. The spec argument conforms to the syntax
described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3). More than one -K option
may be used.
Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the
local host without PMCD. See also -K.
Perform ranking before live filtering. By default instance
live filtering (when requested, see -j) happens before
instance ranking (when requested, see -J). With this option
the logic is inverted and ranking happens before live
-N predicate, --predicate=predicate
Specify a comma-separated list of predicate filter reference
metrics. By default ranking (see -J) happens for each
metric individually. With predicates, ranking is done only
for the specified predicate metrics. When reporting, rest
of the metrics sharing the same instance domain (see
PCPIntro(1)) as the predicate will include only the
highest/lowest ranking instances of the corresponding
predicate. Ranking does not imply sorting, see -6.
So for example, using proc.memory.rss (resident memory size
of process) as the predicate metric together with
proc.io.total_bytes and mem.util.used as metrics to be
reported, only the processes using most/least (as per -J)
memory will be included when reporting total bytes written
by processes. Since mem.util.used is a single-valued metric
(thus not sharing the same instance domain as the process
related metrics), it will be reported as usual.
-O origin, --origin=origin
When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin
within the time window (see -S and -T). Refer to
PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for
-P precision, --precision=precision
Use precision for numeric non-integer output values. The
default is to use 3 decimal places (when applicable). This
option will not override possible per-metric specifications.
-q scale, --count-scale=scaleUnit/scale for count metrics, possible values include countx 10^-1, count, count x 10, count x 10^2, and so forth from
10^-8 to 10^7. (These values are currently space-
sensitive.) This option will not override possible per-
metric specifications. See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).
-Q scale, --count-scale-force=scale
Like -q but this option will override per-metric
Output raw metric values, do not convert cumulative counters
to rates. This option will override possible per-metric
Like -r but this option will not override per-metric
-s samples, --samples=samples
The samples argument defines the number of samples to be
retrieved and reported. If samples is 0 or -s is not
specified, pcp2XXX will sample and report continuously (in
real time mode) or until the end of the set of PCP archives
(in archive mode). See also -T.
-S starttime, --start=starttime
When reporting archived metrics, the report will be
restricted to those records logged at or after starttime.
Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
syntax for starttime.
-t interval, --interval=interval
Set the reporting interval to something other than the
default 1 second. The interval argument follows the syntax
described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an
unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are
seconds). See also the -T option.
-T endtime, --finish=endtime
When reporting archived metrics, the report will be
restricted to those records logged before or at endtime.
Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
syntax for endtime.
When used to define the runtime before pcp2XXX will exit, if
no samples is given (see -s) then the number of reported
samples depends on interval (see -t). If samples is given
then interval will be adjusted to allow reporting of samples
during runtime. In case all of -T, -s, and -t are given,
endtime determines the actual time pcp2XXX will run.
Report only set-valued metrics with instances (e.g.
disk.dev.read) and omit single-valued ``flat'' metrics
without instances (e.g. kernel.all.sysfork). See -i and
Display version number and exit.
Write extended information.
Write everything known about metrics, including PCP internal
-y scale, --time-scale=scaleUnit/scale for time metrics, possible values include
nanosec, ns, microsec, us, millisec, ms, and so forth up to
hour, hr. This option will not override possible per-metric
specifications. See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).
-Y scale, --time-scale-force=scale
Like -y but this option will override per-metric
Use the local timezone of the host that is the source of the
performance metrics, as identified by either the -h or the
-a options. The default is to use the timezone of the local
-Z timezone, --timezone=timezone
Use timezone for the date and time. Timezone is in the
format of the environment variable TZ as described in
environ(7). Note that when including a timezone string in
output, ISO 8601 -style UTC offsets are used (so something
like -Z EST+5 will become UTC-5).
Display usage message and exit.
Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to
parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each
installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to
specify an alternative configuration file, as described in
For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see
This page is part of the PCP (Performance Co-Pilot) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://www.pcp.io/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, send it to email@example.com. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/performancecopilot/pcp.git⟩ on 2023-06-23.
(At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found
in the repository was 2023-06-21.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
Performance Co-Pilot PCP PCP2XXX(1)