This is lib/get_num.c (Listing 3-6, page 59), an example from the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3.

This page shows the "distribution" or "book" version of the file (why are there two versions?), or the differences between the two versions. You can switch between the views using the tabs below.

In the listing below, the names of Linux system calls and C library functions are hyperlinked to manual pages from the Linux man-pages project, and the names of functions implemented in the book are hyperlinked to the implementations of those functions.


Download lib/get_num.c

  Cover of The Linux Programming Interface

Function list (Bold in this list means a function is not static)

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "get_num.h"
static void
gnFail(const char *fname, const char *msg, const char *arg, const char *name)
    fprintf(stderr, "%s error", fname);
    if (name != NULL)
        fprintf(stderr, " (in %s)", name);
    fprintf(stderr, ": %s\n", msg);
    if (arg != NULL && *arg != '\0')
        fprintf(stderr, "        offending text: %s\n", arg);

static long
getNum(const char *fname, const char *arg, int flags, const char *name)
    long res;
    char *endptr;
    int base;

    if (arg == NULL || *arg == '\0')
        gnFail(fname, "null or empty string", arg, name);

    base = (flags & GN_ANY_BASE) ? 0 : (flags & GN_BASE_8) ? 8 :
                        (flags & GN_BASE_16) ? 16 : 10;

    errno = 0;
    res = strtol(arg, &endptr, base);
    if (errno != 0)
        gnFail(fname, "strtol() failed", arg, name);

    if (*endptr != '\0')
        gnFail(fname, "nonnumeric characters", arg, name);

    if ((flags & GN_NONNEG) && res < 0)
        gnFail(fname, "negative value not allowed", arg, name);

    if ((flags & GN_GT_0) && res <= 0)
        gnFail(fname, "value must be > 0", arg, name);

    return res;
getLong(const char *arg, int flags, const char *name)
    return getNum("getLong", arg, flags, name);
getInt(const char *arg, int flags, const char *name)
    long res;

    res = getNum("getInt", arg, flags, name);

    if (res > INT_MAX || res < INT_MIN)
        gnFail("getInt", "integer out of range", arg, name);

    return res;


Download lib/get_num.c

Note that, in most cases, the programs rendered in these web pages are not free standing: you'll typically also need a few other source files (mostly in the lib/ subdirectory) as well. Generally, it's easier to just download the entire source tarball and build the programs with make(1). By hovering your mouse over the various hyperlinked include files and function calls above, you can see which other source files this file depends on.

Valid XHTML 1.1