This is mmap/t_remap_file_pages.c, an example to accompany the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

This file is not printed in the book; it is a supplementary file for Chapter 49.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 3.

In the listing below, the names of Linux system calls and C library functions are hyperlinked to manual pages from the Linux man-pages project, and the names of functions implemented in the book are hyperlinked to the implementations of those functions.


Download mmap/t_remap_file_pages.c

  Cover of The Linux Programming Interface

Function list (Bold in this list means a function is not static)

/* t_remap_file_pages.c

   Demonstrate the use of the Linux remap_file_pages() system call to create
   a nonlinear mapping.

   This program is Linux-specific. The remap_file_pages() system call is
   supported since kernel 2.6.
#define _GNU_SOURCE             /* Get remap_file_pages() declaration
                                   from <sys/mman.h> */
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include "tlpi_hdr.h"
main(int argc, char *argv[])
    int fd = open("/tmp/tfile", O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_RDWR, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
    if (fd == -1)

    long pageSize = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
    if (pageSize == -1)
        fatal("Couldn't determine page size");

    for (char ch = 'a'; ch < 'd'; ch++)
        for (int j = 0; j < pageSize; j++)
            write(fd, &ch, 1);

    system("od -a /tmp/tfile");

    char *addr = mmap(NULL, 3 * pageSize, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
                        MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
    if (addr == MAP_FAILED)

    printf("Mapped at address %p\n", addr);

    /* The three pages of the file -- 0 1 2 -- are currently mapped
       linearly. Now we rearrange the mapping to 2 1 0. */

    if (remap_file_pages(addr, pageSize, 0, 2, 0) == -1)
    if (remap_file_pages(addr + 2 * pageSize, pageSize, 0, 0, 0) == -1)

    /* Now we modify the contents of the mapping */

    for (int j = 0; j < 0x100; j++)     /* Modifies page 2 of file */
        *(addr + j) = '0';
    for (int j = 0; j < 0x100; j++)     /* Modifies page 0 of file */
        *(addr + 2 * pageSize + j) = '2';

    system("od -a /tmp/tfile");



Download mmap/t_remap_file_pages.c

Note that, in most cases, the programs rendered in these web pages are not free standing: you'll typically also need a few other source files (mostly in the lib/ subdirectory) as well. Generally, it's easier to just download the entire source tarball and build the programs with make(1). By hovering your mouse over the various hyperlinked include files and function calls above, you can see which other source files this file depends on.

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