pmsg/pmsg_create.c

This is pmsg/pmsg_create.c (Listing 52-2, page 1069), an example from the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 3.

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/* pmsg_create.c

   Create a POSIX message queue.

   Usage as shown in usageError().

   Linux supports POSIX message queues since kernel 2.6.6.
*/
#include <mqueue.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include "tlpi_hdr.h"
static void
usageError(const char *progName)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [-cx] [-m maxmsg] [-s msgsize] mq-name "
            "[octal-perms]\n", progName);
    fprintf(stderr, "    -c          Create queue (O_CREAT)\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "    -m maxmsg   Set maximum # of messages\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "    -s msgsize  Set maximum message size\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "    -x          Create exclusively (O_EXCL)\n");
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int flags, opt;
    mode_t perms;
    mqd_t mqd;
    struct mq_attr attr, *attrp;

    /* If 'attrp' is NULL, mq_open() uses default attributes. If an
       option specifying a message queue attribute is supplied on the
       command line, we save the attribute in 'attr' and set 'attrp'
       pointing to 'attr'. We assign some (arbitrary) default values
       to the fields of 'attr' in case the user specifies the value
       for one of the queue attributes, but not the other. */

    attrp = NULL;
    attr.mq_maxmsg = 10;
    attr.mq_msgsize = 2048;
    flags = O_RDWR;

    /* Parse command-line options */

    while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "cm:s:x")) != -1) {
        switch (opt) {
        case 'c':
            flags |= O_CREAT;
            break;

        case 'm':
            attr.mq_maxmsg = atoi(optarg);
            attrp = &attr;
            break;

        case 's':
            attr.mq_msgsize = atoi(optarg);
            attrp = &attr;
            break;

        case 'x':
            flags |= O_EXCL;
            break;

        default:
            usageError(argv[0]);
        }
    }

    if (optind >= argc)
        usageError(argv[0]);

    perms = (argc <= optind + 1) ? (S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR) :
                getInt(argv[optind + 1], GN_BASE_8, "octal-perms");

    mqd = mq_open(argv[optind], flags, perms, attrp);
    if (mqd == (mqd_t) -1)
        errExit("mq_open");

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

 

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