sockets/us_abstract_bind.c

This is sockets/us_abstract_bind.c (Listing 57-8, page 1176), an example from the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 3.

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/* us_abstract_bind.c

   Demonstrate how to bind a UNIX domain socket to a name in the
   Linux-specific abstract namespace.

   This program is Linux-specific.

   The first printing of the book used slightly different code. The code was
   correct, but could have been better (to understand why, see the errata
   for page 1176 of the book).  The old code is shown in comments below.
*/
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include "tlpi_hdr.h"
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int sockfd;
    struct sockaddr_un addr;
    char *str;

    memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));  /* Clear address structure */
    addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;                     /* UNIX domain address */

    /* addr.sun_path[0] has already been set to 0 by memset() */

    str = "xyz";        /* Abstract name is "\0xyz" */
    strncpy(&addr.sun_path[1], str, strlen(str));

    // In early printings of the book, the above two lines were instead:
    //
    // strncpy(&addr.sun_path[1], "xyz", sizeof(addr.sun_path) - 2);
    //            /* Abstract name is "xyz" followed by null bytes */

    sockfd = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sockfd == -1)
        errExit("socket");

    if (bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &addr,
            sizeof(sa_family_t) + strlen(str) + 1) == -1)
        errExit("bind");

    // In early printings of the book, the final part of the bind() call
    // above was instead:
    //        sizeof(struct sockaddr_un)) == -1)

    sleep(60);

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

 

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