svsem/binary_sems.c

This is svsem/binary_sems.c (Listing 47-10, page 990), an example from the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3.

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/* binary_sems.c

   Implement a binary semaphore protocol using System V semaphores.
*/
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/sem.h>
#include "semun.h"                      /* Definition of semun union */
#include "binary_sems.h"

Boolean bsUseSemUndo = FALSE;
Boolean bsRetryOnEintr = TRUE;
int                     /* Initialize semaphore to 1 (i.e., "available") */
initSemAvailable(int semId, int semNum)
{
    union semun arg;

    arg.val = 1;
    return semctl(semId, semNum, SETVAL, arg);
}
int                     /* Initialize semaphore to 0 (i.e., "in use") */
initSemInUse(int semId, int semNum)
{
    union semun arg;

    arg.val = 0;
    return semctl(semId, semNum, SETVAL, arg);
}
/* Reserve semaphore (blocking), return 0 on success, or -1 with 'errno'
   set to EINTR if operation was interrupted by a signal handler */

int                     /* Reserve semaphore - decrement it by 1 */
reserveSem(int semId, int semNum)
{
    struct sembuf sops;

    sops.sem_num = semNum;
    sops.sem_op = -1;
    sops.sem_flg = bsUseSemUndo ? SEM_UNDO : 0;

    while (semop(semId, &sops, 1) == -1)
        if (errno != EINTR || !bsRetryOnEintr)
            return -1;

    return 0;
}
int                     /* Release semaphore - increment it by 1 */
releaseSem(int semId, int semNum)
{
    struct sembuf sops;

    sops.sem_num = semNum;
    sops.sem_op = 1;
    sops.sem_flg = bsUseSemUndo ? SEM_UNDO : 0;

    return semop(semId, &sops, 1);
}

 

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