timers/ptmr_sigev_signal.c

This is timers/ptmr_sigev_signal.c (Listing 23-5, page 500), an example from the book, The Linux Programming Interface.

The source code file is copyright 2022, Michael Kerrisk, and is licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 3.

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/* ptmr_sigev_signal.c

   This program demonstrates the use of signals as the notification mechanism
   for expirations of a POSIX timer. Each of the program's command-line
   arguments specifies the initial value and interval for a POSIX timer. The
   format of these arguments is defined by the function itimerspecFromStr().

   The program establishes a handler for the timer notification signal, creates
   and arms one timer for each command-line argument, and then pauses. Each
   timer expiration causes the generation of a signal, and, when invoked, the
   signal handler displays information about the timer expiration.

   Kernel support for Linux timers is provided since Linux 2.6. On older
   systems, an incomplete user-space implementation of POSIX timers
   was provided in glibc.
*/
#define _POSIX_C_SOURCE 199309
#include <signal.h>
#include <time.h>
#include "curr_time.h"                  /* Declares currTime() */
#include "itimerspec_from_str.h"        /* Declares itimerspecFromStr() */
#include "tlpi_hdr.h"

#define TIMER_SIG SIGRTMAX              /* Our timer notification signal */
static void
handler(int sig, siginfo_t *si, void *uc)
{
    timer_t *tidptr;

    tidptr = si->si_value.sival_ptr;

    /* UNSAFE: This handler uses non-async-signal-safe functions
       (printf(); see Section 21.1.2) */

    printf("[%s] Got signal %d\n", currTime("%T"), sig);
    printf("    *sival_ptr         = %ld\n", (long) *tidptr);
    printf("    timer_getoverrun() = %d\n", timer_getoverrun(*tidptr));
}
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    struct itimerspec ts;
    struct sigaction  sa;
    struct sigevent   sev;
    timer_t *tidlist;
    int j;

    if (argc < 2)
        usageErr("%s secs[/nsecs][:int-secs[/int-nsecs]]...\n", argv[0]);

    tidlist = calloc(argc - 1, sizeof(timer_t));
    if (tidlist == NULL)
        errExit("malloc");

    /* Establish handler for notification signal */

    sa.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
    sa.sa_sigaction = handler;
    sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
    if (sigaction(TIMER_SIG, &sa, NULL) == -1)
        errExit("sigaction");

    /* Create and start one timer for each command-line argument */

    sev.sigev_notify = SIGEV_SIGNAL;    /* Notify via signal */
    sev.sigev_signo = TIMER_SIG;        /* Notify using this signal */

    for (j = 0; j < argc - 1; j++) {
        itimerspecFromStr(argv[j + 1], &ts);

        sev.sigev_value.sival_ptr = &tidlist[j];
                /* Allows handler to get ID of this timer */

        if (timer_create(CLOCK_REALTIME, &sev, &tidlist[j]) == -1)
            errExit("timer_create");
        printf("Timer ID: %ld (%s)\n", (long) tidlist[j], argv[j + 1]);

        if (timer_settime(tidlist[j], 0, &ts, NULL) == -1)
            errExit("timer_settime");
    }

    for (;;)                            /* Wait for incoming timer signals */
        pause();
}

 

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